A list of references that have been helpful to the Boyle Heights team.



Acuna, Rodolfo. A Community Under Siege: A Chronicle of Chicanos East of the Los Angeles River, 1945-1975. Los Angeles, CA: UCLA Chicano Studies Research Center Publications, 1984.

Acuna, Rodolfo. Occupied America: A History of Chicanos. New York, NY: Harper & Row, 1981.

Bartlett, Dana. The Better City. Los Angeles, CA: Neuner Co. Press, 1907.

Chan, Sucheng. Asian Americans: An Interpretive History. Boston, MA: Twayne Publishing, 1991.

Chang, Edward T., and Russel C. Leong. Los Angeles-Struggles toward Multiethnic Community: Asian, African American, and Latino Perspectives. Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press, 1994.

Chavez, John R. Eastside Landmark: A History of the East Los Angeles Community Union, 1968-1993. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1998.

Cheng, Lucie and Edna Bonacich. Labor Immigration Under Capitalism. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1984.

Cornford, Daniel, ed. Working People of California. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1995.

Cuff, Dana. The Provisional City: Los Angeles Stories of Architecture and Urbanism. Cambridge, MA and London, England: MIT Press, 2000.

Escobar, Edward J. Race, Police, and the Making of a Political Identity: Mexican Americans and the Los Angles Police Department, 1900-1945. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1999.

Foster, Sesshu. City Terrace Field Manual. New York, NY: Kaya Production, 1996.

Fremon, Celeste. Father Greg and the Homeboys: The Extraordinary Journey of Father Greg Boyle and his Work with the Latino Gangs of East L.A. New York, NY: Hyperion, 1995.

Gebhard, David and Harriette Von Breton. L.A. in the Thirties, 1931-1941. Layton, UT: Peregrine Smith, 1975.

Gomez-Quinones, Juan. Chicano Politics, 1940-1990. Albuquerque, NM: University of New Mexico Press, 1990.

5th and Grande Vista: Poems, 1960-1973. New York, NY: Coleccion Mensaje, 1973.

Griswold del Castillo, Richard. The Los Angeles Barrio, 1850-1890: A Social History. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1979.

Gutierrez, David. Walls and Mirrors: Mexican Americans, Mexican Immigrants, and the Politics of Ethnicity. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1995.

Hayden, Dolores. The Power of Place: Urban Landscape as Public History. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1995.

Himes, Chester. If He Hollers, Let Him Go. New York, NY: Thunder Mountain Press, 1986.

Hing, Bill Ong. Making and Remaking Asian America through Immigration Policy, 1850-1990. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1993.

Hise, Greg. Magnetic Los Angeles: Planning the Twentieth-Century Metropolis. Baltimore, MD and London, England: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1997.

Hise, Greg and William Deverell. Eden by Design: The 1930 Olmsted-Bartholomew Plan for the Los Angeles Region. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2000.

Hoffman, Abraham. Unwanted Mexican-Americans in the Great Depression: Repatriation Pressure, 1929-1939. Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona Press, 1981.

Jacobs, Jane. The Death and Life of Great American Cities. New York, NY: The Modern Library ed., 1993.

Klein, Norman M., and Martin J. Schiesl, eds. 20th Century Los Angeles: Power, Promotion, and Social Conflict. Claremont, CA: Regina Books, 1990.

Lipsitz, George. The Possessive Investment in Whiteness: How White People Profit from Identity Politics. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press, 1998.

Time Passages: Collective Memory and American Popular Culture. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minneapolis Press, 1990.

Lord, David. Joey. New York, NY: EP Dutton & Co., Inc., 1949.

Loza, Steven. Barrio Rhythm: Mexican American Music in Los Angeles. Urbana and Chicago, IL: University of Illinois Press, 1993.

McWilliams, Carey. Southern California: An Island on the Land. Salt Lake City, UT: Peregrine Smith, 1999.

Marchand, B. The Emergence of Los Angeles: Population and Housing in the City of Dreams, 1940-1870. London, England: Pion Limited, 1986.

Mason, William M. and Dr. John A. McKinstry. The Japanese of Los Angeles. Los Angeles, CA: Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History Contribution No.1, 1969.

Matsumoto, Valerie, and Blake Allmendinger, eds. 1999. Over the Edge: Remapping the American West. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1998.

Mazon, Mauricio. The Zoot-Suit Riots: The Psychology of Symbolic Annihilation. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press, 1984.

Mohoff, George W. and Jack P. Valov. A Stroll Through Russiantown. Los Angeles, CA: G.W. Mohoff and P. Valov, 1996.

Monroy, Douglas. Rebirth: Mexican Los Angeles from the Great Migration to the Great Depression. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1999.

Morin, Raul. Among the Valiant. Alhambra, CA: Borden Publishing Company, 1963.

Moore, Joan W. Going Down to the Barrio: Homeboys and Homegirls in Change. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press, 1991.

Nava, Julian. Julian Nava: My Mexican-American Journey. Houston, TX: Arte Publico Press, 2002.

Pardo, Mary S. Mexican American Women Activists: Identity and Resistance in Two Los Angeles Communities. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press, 1998.

Personal Justice Denied: Report of the Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians. Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press, 1997.

Post, Robert C. Street Railways and the Growth of Los Angeles. San Marino, CA: Golden West Books, 1989.

Reyes, David and Tom Waldman. Land of a Thousand Dances: Chicano Rock 'n' Roll from Southern California. Albuquerque, NM: University of New Mexico Press, 1998.

Rios-Bustamante, Antonin and Pedro Castillo. An Illustrated History of Mexican Los Angeles: 1781-1985. Los Angeles, CA: UCLA Chicano Studies Research Center Publications, 1984.

Rochlin, Harriet. Pioneer Jews: A New Life in the Far West. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1984.

Rodriguez, Luis. Republic of East L.A.: Stories. New York, NY: Rayo, 2002.

Rolle, Andrew. Los Angeles: From Pueblo to City of the Future. Sacramento, CA: MTL, Inc., 1995.

Romo, Ricardo. East Los Angeles: History of a Barrio. Austin, TX: University of Texas, 1983.

Rosaldo, Renato. Culture and Truth: The Remaking of Social Analysis. Boston, MA: Beacon Press, 1989.

Ruiz, Vicki. Cannery Women/Cannery Lives: Mexican Women, Unionization, and the California Food Processing Industry, 1930-1950. Albuquerque, NM: University of New Mexico Press, 1987.

Saito, Leland. Race and Politics: Asian Americans, Latinos, and Whites in a Los Angeles Suburb. Urbana and Chicago, IL: University of Illinois Press, 1998.

Sanchez, George. Becoming Mexican American: Ethnicity, Culture and Identity in Chicano Los Angeles, 1900-1945. New York, NY and Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 1993.

Scott, Allen J. and Edward W. Soja. The City: Los Angeles and Urban Theory at the End of the Twentieth Century. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1996.

Takaki, Ronald. Strangers from a Different Shore: A History of Asian Americans. New York, NY: Penguin Books, 1990.

Taylor, Quintard. In Search of the Racial Frontier: African Americans in the American West, 1528 to 1990. New York, NY: Norton and Co., Inc., 1998.

Tuan, Yi-Fu. Space and Place: The Perspective of Experience. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minneapolis Press, 1977.

Verge, Arthur C. Paradise Transformed: Los Angeles during the Second World War. Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company, 1993.

Villa, Raul. Barrio-Logos: Space and Place in Urban Chicano Literature and Culture. Austin, TX: University of Texas, 2000.

Vorspan, Max and Lloyd P. Gartner. History of the Jews in Los Angeles. San Marino, CA: Hungtington Library, 1970.

Waldinger, Roger and Mehdi Bozorgmehr, eds. Ethnic Los Angeles. New York, NY: Russell Sage Foundation, 1996.

Workman, Boyle. The City that Grew. Los Angeles, CA: Southland Publishing Company, 1936.

Young, Pauline. The Pilgrims of Russian Town. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1932.

Yu, David. Growing Up Nisei: Race, Generation, and Culture among Japanese Americans of California, 1924-49. Urbana and Chicago, IL: University of Illinois Press, 2000.



Bunche, Lonnie G. III. “A Past Not Necessarily Prologue: The Afro-American in Los Angeles Since 1900,” in Norman M. Klein and Martin J. Schiels eds. 20th Century Los Angeles: Power, Promotion, and Social Conflict. Claremont, CA: Regina Books, 1990.

Burt, Kenneth C. "Latino Empowerment in Los Angeles: Postwar Dreams and Cold War Fears, 1948-1952." Labor's Heritage (Summer 1996).

Crawford, Margaret and ADOBE LA. “Mi Casa es Su Casa.” Assemblage: A Critical Journal of Architecture and Design Culture 24 (1994).

Diaz, David R. "La Vida Libre/The Free Life: The Street Culture of East Los Angeles." Places: A Quarterly Journal of Environmental Design 8:3 (Spring 1993).

Engh, Michael S.J. “Mary Julia Workman, the Catholic Conscience of Los Angeles.” California History: The Magazine of the California Historical Society (Spring 1993).

Flemings, Maria. "A Garden of Honor: Latino students in East L.A. plant a tribute to Japanese Americans." Teaching Tolerance (Spring 1998).

Friedman, Ralph. "Boyle Heights: An Example of Democratic Progress." Frontier (March 1955).

Griffith, Beatrice. "Viva Roybal—Viva America." Common Ground (1949).

Guevara, Ruben. "The View from the Sixth Street Bridge: The History of Chicano Rock," in David Marsh, et. al. eds. The First Rock and Roll Confidential Report: Inside the Real World of Rock & Roll. New York, NY: Pantheon Books, 1985.

Hoffman, Abe. “Jewish Student Militancy in the Great Depression: The Roosevelt High School Blowouts of 1931.” Branding Iron 121 (March 1976).

Kaplan, Sam. "The Sidewalks of Life in Boyle Heights." Los Angeles Times (24 April 1980).

Mikesell, Stephen D. “The Los Angeles River Bridges: A Study in the Bridge as a Civic Monument.” Southern California Quarterly 68 (Winter 1986).

Moore, Deborah Dash and Dan Gebler. “The Ta’am of Tourism.” Pacific Historical Review (1999).

Reeves, Richard. "A Reporter at Large: Boyle Heights and Beyond." New Yorker Magazine (14 September 1981).

Rojas, James T. "The Enacted Environment of East Los Angeles." Places: A Quarterly Journal of Environmental Design 8:3 (Spring 1993).

Sahagun, Louis. “Boyle Heights Problems, Pride and Promise.” Los Angeles Times (31 July 1983).

Sanchez, George. “Working at the Crossroads: American Studies for the 21st Century: Presidential Address to the American Studies Association, November 9, 2001.” American Quarterly 55 (March 2002).

Shorr, Howard. "The Boyle Heights Project: Linking Students with their Community." History Teacher (1985).

Spaulding, Sophie. “The Myth of the Classic Slum: Contradictory Perceptions of Boyle Heights Flats, 1900-1991.” Journal of Architectural Education 45/2 (February 1992).



Boyle Heights Research Team. “Working Papers on Asian American Studies, No. 4: Boyle Heights Study, 1973-4.” Los Angeles, CA: Asian American Studies Center, UCLA, 1975.

Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority, Metro Red Line East Side Extension, "Cultural Needs Assessment." February 1995.


Dissertations, Theses, Unpublished Papers

Elliott-Scheinberg, Wendy. “Boyle Heights: Jewish Ambiance in a Multicultural Neighborhood." Ph.D. diss., Claremont Graduate University, 2001.

Estrada, Gilbert. "How the East Was Lost: Fragmentation, Displacement, and the East Los Angeles Freeway System, 1947-1972." Master’s thesis, California State University, Fullerton, 2002.

Kim, Young Il. “A Study of Some Changes in Los Angeles Japanese Settlement Since 1950 with an Analysis of Selected Communities.” Master’s thesis, Los Angeles State College of Applied Arts and Sciences, 1963.

Mahakian, Charles. “History of the Armenians in California.” Master's thesis, University of California, 1935.

Moreno, Alexis. "African Americans in Boyle Heights." Research paper, UCLA School of Public Policy and Social Research, 1999.

Radell, David Richard. "Mom 'n Pop Grocery Stores in the Boyle Heights Section of Los Angeles, California." Master's thesis, Los Angeles State College, 1961.

Rojas, James Thomas. “The Enacted Environment: The Creation of 'Place' by Mexican and Mexican Americans in East Los Angeles.” Master's thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1991.

Sanchez-Tranquilino, Marcos. “Mi Casa No Es Su Casa: Chicano Murals and Barrio Calligraphy as Systems of Significance at Estrada Courts, 1972-1978.” Master’s thesis, UCLA, 1991.

Shuldiner, David Philip. “Of Moses and Marx: Folk Ideology Within the Jewish Labor Movement in the United States.” Ph.D. diss., UCLA, 1984.

Underwood, Katherine. “Process and Politics: Multiracial Electoral Coalition Building and Representation in Los Angeles' Ninth District, 1949-1962.” Ph.D. diss., UC San Diego, 1992.

Uono, Koyoshi. “The Factors Affecting the Geographical Aggregation and Dispersion of the Japanese Residences in the City of Los Angeles.” Master’s thesis, UCLA, 1927.



Meet Me at Brooklyn and Soto: Celebrating the Jewish Community of East Los Angeles. Produced and directed by Ellie Kahn and the Jewish Historical Society of Southern California, 1996.

Mixed Memories: Forget Me Not. Produced by the Japanese American National Museum Youth Media Arts Project, 1999.

A Symbol of Heart: The Official Documentary of the East L.A. Classic, Vol. 1. Carmona Productions, LLC, 2001.


Selected Titles for (K-12) Educators and Students

Compiled by Albert Johnson, Jr.,
Los Angeles Public Library

Many of these materials listed are/will soon be available in the Hirasaki National Resource Center located at the Japanese American National Museum, or your local school or public library. If you are interested in purchasing them, selected titles are available at the Japanese American National Museum Store

Please note: Call numbers apply to resources available at the Los Angeles Public Library.


Childrens Titles (Grades 4-6)

Cisneros, Sandra. Pelitos/Hairs. New York, NY: Knopf: Distributed by Random House,
1994. [S xz]

This jewel like vignette from her best-selling House on Mango Street shows,
through simple, intimate portraits, the diversity among us. This exuberant
bilingual picture book is an affectionate portrait of family love.

Dooley, Norah. Everybody Cooks Rice; Illustrations by Peter J. Thornton. Minneapolis, MN:
Carolrhoda Books, 1991. [x641 D691 1991]

When a child is sent to look for her younger brother throughout the multicultural
neighborhood where they live, she discovers that everybody eats rice, just in
different ways. A story of differences and similarities.

Hallinan, P.K. A Rainbow of Friends. Nashville, TN: Ideals Children's Books, 1997. [xz]

This heartwarming book explains that each person is unique and adds immensely
to the lives of others.

Jaskol, Julie and Lewis, Bria. City of Angeles: in and around Los Angeles; Illustrated
by Elisa Kleven. New York, NY: Dutton Children's Books, 1999. [x979 J39]

An engaging and accurate history presenting unique neighborhoods and events, past
and present, illustrated with collage paintings. But this is no sentimental journey-
earthquakes, fires, Japanese American internment camps, and more are told of here.
A map and a time line tell more stories of the unique people and place of L.A.

Johnston, Tony. Any Small Goodness: a Novel of the Barrio; Illustrated by Raul Colon.
New York, NY: Blue Sky Press, 2001. [x 2001]

Growing up in the barrio of East Los Angeles, eleven-year-old Arturo Rodriguez
struggles to make sense of the world around him. Although his family is loving and
his daily life filled with blessings, frightening events take place reminding him that
nobody's really safe.

Noguchi, Rick. Flowers from Mariko; Illustrated by Michelle Reiko Kumata. New York, NY: Lee & Low Books Inc., 2001. [xz 2001]

When she and her family are released from the Japanese American internment camp
where they have spent the last three years, Mariko plants a garden to raise their spirits.

Singelis, Theodore M. Teaching about Culture, Ethnicity, & Diversity: Exercises and Planned Activities. (Teacher's aid)

Stein, R. Conrad. Los Angeles (Cities of the World). New York, NY: Children's Press, 2001.
[x979 S819-7]

Describes the history, culture, daily life, food, people, sports, and points of interest
in the seat of Los Angeles County, California, the second largest city in the United
States. Includes a picture of the mural on a wall at Soto Street and Cesar Chavez

Wing, Natasha. Jalapeno Bagels; Illustrated by Robert Casilla. New York, NY :Atheneum Books for Young Readers, 1996. [xz 1996]

The story is based on a real Mexican-Jewish-American bakery. The combining of
the father's Jewish recipe for bagels with the mother's suggestion to mix in
jalapenos symbolizes that sometimes when you combine two unexpected things, you
get something even better.


Spanish Language Children's Titles

Cohen, Barbara. Molly y Los Perergrinos; Illustrado por Michael J. Deraney; traducido por Maria A. Fiol. New York, NY: Lectorum Publications, 1995. [Sx Ed.a 1995]

This sensitive tale examines the discrimination experienced by immigrant children.
Molly, a Russian Jewish girl, makes a pilgrim doll for a school Thanksgiving project.
Because her doll resembles a Russian peasant, her classmates make fun of her. In an
important lesson, the teacher reminds the class that Molly's family, like the pilgrims,
came to the United States in search of tolerance.

Grunsell, Angela. Hablemos del Racismo (Let's Talk About Racism); Traducido por Teresa Mlawer. New York, NY: Lectorum Publications, 1993. [Sx 323.1 G891 1993]

Examines the problems of racism, prejudice, and stereotyping, both today and throughout history.

Kissinger, Katie. Todos Los Colores De Nuestra Piel (All the colors we are). St. Paul, Minn.: Redleaf Press; Beltsville, MD: Distributed by Gryphon House, 1994.
[Sx612 K61]

Illustrated with many outstanding photographs, this book celebrates human diversity in all its many colors. The bilingual text offers a simple yet scientifically accurate explanation of skin color that is not only informative, but also helps dispel myths and stereotypes often associated with skin color.

Spier, Peter. Gente (People). Barcelona, Spain: Editorial Lumen, 1999. [Sx 572 S755 1999] folio

A lively, multicolored celebration of people, the book conveys the important message that despite our differences, we are all brothers and sisters.

Velthuijs, Max. Sapo y el Forastero (Frog and the Stranger). Caracas, Venezuela: Ediciones Ekare, 1994. [ Sxz 1994]

This is a story about diversity and learning to overcome stereotypes. When Rat sets up camp at the edge of the woods, Pig and Duck are alarmed because they believe rats to be dirty and lazy. Frog's curiosity soon leads him to discover that Rat is not at all what he expected and is in fact, industrious, courageous and loyal.

Yashima, Taro. Niño Cuervo ( Crow Boy); Traducido por Maria A. Fiol. New York, NY: Lectorum Publications, 1996. [S xz Ed.a 1996]

Chibi, or Tiny Boy, is shunned and teased by his classmates for being different. An insightful new teacher encourages Chibi to finally reach out with a poignant display that touches all and earns him the bold new name of Crow Boy.


Titles for Middle & High School Students

Chang, Edward T. and Leong, Russell C. edited. Los Angeles-Struggle toward
Multiethnic Community: Asian American, African American, & Latino Perspectives.

Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press, 1994. [ 323.109794 L8795]

Asian American, African American, and Latino perspectives are reflected probing the problems and special challenges of an evolving multiethnic community in Los Angeles. Assumptions are challenged, ethnic relations probed, and insights considered in over two dozen essays compiled from a special issue of Amerasia Journal.

Dunitz, Robin. Street Gallery: Guide to 1000 Los Angeles Murals. Los Angeles, CA: RJD Enterprises, 1998. [ 756.4 D918 1998]

An illustrated guide book to the painted, tile, and mosaic murals of Los Angeles County, created from 1913 to 1992.

Franklin, Paula A. Melting Pot or Not: Debating Cultural Identity. Springfield, NJ: Enslow Publishers, 1995. [301.45 F8327]

On the back of every penny, nickel, dime, and quarter you will find the Latin phrase, E Pluribus Unum, meaning Out of the Many, One. Many people feel America is a melting pot where immigrants from hundreds of countries come together to become one people with one way of life. Other argue that being an American means that we should recognize and respect our country's many different cultures. Are we truly a melting pot?

Houston, Jeanne Wakatsuki. Farewell to Manzanar. Toronto and New York, NY: Bantam Books, 1974, c1973. [940.547273 H843]

A true story of the Japanese American experience during and after the World War II

Komatsu, Kimberly, and Kaleigh Komatsu. In America's Shadow. Los Angeles, CA: Thomas George Books, 2002.

A comprehensive and fascinating chronicle in words and photographs documenting the Japanese American experience from immigration to the incarceration, as told through the eyes of a young girl. This historical fiction story features a foreword by Kevin Star, the State Librarian of California and an historical essay by noted author and scholar Mitchell T. Maki.

Ottesen, Carol Clark. L.A. Stories: The Voices of Cultural Diversity. Lanham, MD.: University Press of America, 1999. [ 810.8 L1115-1]

Describes the experiences of a university instructor teaching English to culturally diverse students. Ottesen seeks to expose the importance of the recognition of diversity and the effective communication of it in an increasingly integrated society.

Pitt, Leonard and Dale. Los Angeles A to Z: An Encyclopedia of the City and County.
Barkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1997. [979.41 L88Pit]

This fascinating reference gathers a sweeping array of information on the City of
Angeles, including data on its history, geography, automobile culture, sports,
scandals, biography, the arts, politics, neighborhoods, and ethnic, racial, and
religious groups.

Tatlock, Ann. All the Way Home. Minneapolis, MN: Bethany Books, 2002.

Whitehead, Fred. ed. Culture Wars: Opposing Viewpoints. San Diego, CA: Greenhaven Press, 1994. [320.1 c9685]

Presents opposing viewpoints on issues related to cultural diversity, American education, cultural values, and the decay of American culture.



The Bracelet. Produced by UCLA Asian American Studies Center and Japanese American National Museum in association with Alhambra School District, 2000.

Chicano! History of the Mexican American Civil Rights Movement. Produced by National Latino Communications Center and Galán Productions, Inc., in cooperation with KCET, Los Angeles, 1996.

Cultural Diversity: Meeting the Challenge. [VID 325.259 C9865 1990]

Dear Miss Breed. Produced by UCLA Asian American Studies Center and Japanese American National Museum in association with Alhambra School District, 2000.

Interactions. Produced by UCLA Asian American Studies Center and Japanese American National Museum in association with Alhambra School District, 2000.

Meet Me at Brooklyn and Soto: Celebrating the Jewish Community of East Los Angeles. Produced and directed by Ellie Kahn and the Jewish Historical Society of Southern California, 1996.



Community and Neighborhood Information on the Internet: some URL's of interest:

Boyle Heights 1

Boyle Heights 2

Echo Park

Silver Lake

Eagle Rock

Los Angeles Harbor

Los Angeles Information & Places


Oral History Projects

American Folklife Center

Cultural Arts Resources for Teacher and Students

Indivisible Stories of an American Community

My History is American's Hisory Resource Guide

Tips for Interviewers

Transplants: Stories of individuals who migrated to Central Florida

Student Projects: Columbia Heights West Arlington, Virginia

What did you do in the war Grandma? Women/tocCS.html

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