Official name: Heart Mountain Relocation
Center Location: Northwestern Wyoming, in Park County, 13 miles
northeast of Cody
Land: Federal reclamation project land
Size: 46,000 acres
Climate: Severe, even by WRA standards, with winter lows dipping to -30 degrees. Elevation: 4,600 feet.
Origin of camp population: Mostly from Los Angeles
(6,448), Santa Clara (2,572), San Francisco (678) and Yakima, Washington (843) Counties
Via "assembly centers": Most came from Pomona (5,270) and Santa Anita (4,700) "Assembly Centers"
Rural/Urban: Mostly urban Peak population: 10,767 Date of peak: January 1, 1943 Opening date: August 12, 1942
Closing date: November 10, 1945
Project director(s): Christopher E. Rachford and Guy Robertson
Community analysts: Asael T. Hansen and Forrest La Violette
JERS fieldworkers: None
Newspaper: Heart Mountain Sentinel (October 24, 1942July 28, 1945)
Percent who answered question 28 of the loyalty questionnaire positively: 95.9
Number and percentage of eligible male citizens inducted directly into armed forces: 385 (4.8%)
Industry: Heart Mountain had a garment factory, a cabinet shop and a sawmill that produced goods for internal consumption. A silk-screen shop produced posters for the other camps and for the navy
Miscellaneous characteristics: The weather, along with the shoddy construction of the barracks and a population mostly from Southern California unaccustomed to thc cold, contributed to a great many illnesses that resulted in hospital overcrowding in the winter of 1942-43. In addition to the severe climate, Heart Mountain, like many other camps, was also plagued by duststorms and rattlesnakes.
Image credit: Gift of Sally R. Nishiyama, Japanese American National Museum (93.165.9A)
Camp Related Materials from the Japanese American National Museum