The Project

The Collections

The Camps



America's Concentration Camps Links

Heart Mountain Digital Preservation Project
The Heart Mountain Digital Preservation Project features documents and photographs from the Heart Mountain Relocation Center Collection at the John Taggart Hinckley Library at Northwest College in Powell, Wyoming.
Japanese American Internment Memorial
A website dedicated to the bronze panoramic memorial that stands 5 feet high and re-tells the history of Japanese Americans in narrative panels.
Journal of San Diego History
The relocation of San Diego's nikkei community.
The Japanese American Internment
Informative website about the relocation of Japanese Americans.
War Relocation Authority Camps in Arizona, 1942-1946
This Exhibit features images from approximately forty photographs taken for the War Relocation Authority and vividly depicts life in Arizona's two camps.
War Relocation Authority Photographs of Japanese-American Evacuation and Resettlement, 1942-1945
The collection contains approximately 7000 photographs and 317 Kodachrome slides which have been arranged into 18 series. Series 1-6 and 8-11 document day-to-day life and activities in individual relocation centers in California, Arizona, Colorado, Utah, Wyoming, and Arkansas as captured by WRA photographers. The remaining series cover pre-evacuation activities in California only; relocation of evacuees in various states; assembly centers in California; and resettlement activities, primarily in California cities. It is important to note that the photograph collection, as the official documentation of the WRA, reflects the point of view that the WRA wanted to present to the citizens of the United States during World War II.
When Americans were treated as traitors
While World War II affected the Palo Alto area in many ways, no group of people were as affected or hurt by the war as local nisei, or Japanese-Americans.

Bibliography of Japanese Americans and America's Concentration Camps

Collins, Donald E. Native American Aliens: Disloyalty and the Renunciation of Citizenship by Japanese Americans During World War II. Westport, CN: Greenwood Press, I985. [On "disloyals" at Tule Lake, renunciation of citizenship, and the ordeal o f seeking its restoration.]

Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians. Personal Justice Denied: Report of the Commission on wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians. 2 Vols. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1982. [Report of the Congressi onal commission summarizes the Japanese American World War II experience; the second volume consists of the commission's recommendations for reparations.]

Conrat, Maisie, and Richard Conrat. Executive Order 9066: The Internment of 110,000 Japanese Americans. Cambridge, MA: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press, I972. Los Angeles: UCLA Asian American Studies Center, I992. [Photographic exhibi t catalog of the removal and detention of Japanese Americans.1

Daniels, Roger. Prisoners Without Trial: Japanese Americans in World War II. New York: Hill and Wang, I993. [Short (I I4 pages of text) overview of the Japanese American World War II experience including a section on the redress movement. Also i ncludes photographs and a section on recommended reading.]

____________. Sandra C. Taylor, and Harry H. L. Kitano. Japanese Americans: From Relocation to Redress. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, I986. Revised Edition. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 199 I. [Papers coming out of the I9 83 International Conference on Relocation and Redress held in Salt Lake City covering many different aspects of the Japanese American World War II experience.]

Drinnon, Richard. Keeper of Concentration Camps: Dillon S. Myer and American Racism. Berkeley: University of California Press, I987. [Biography of WRA (and later Bureau of Indian Affairs) director Myer.]

Gardiner, C. Harvey. Pawns in a Triangle of Hate: The Peruvian Japanese and the United States. Seattle: University of Washington Press, I98I. [Recounts the story of Peruvian Issue deported from Peru and interned in the U.S. during World War II.]

Ichioka, Yuji, and ed. "Views from Within: The Japanese American Evacuation and Resettlement Study." Los Angeles: UCLA Asian American Studies Center, I989. [Papers from a conference reassessing the JERS project held in 1987. Includes articles by Yuji I chioka, S. Frank Miyamoto, Lane Ryo Hirabayashi and James Hirabayashi, Peter T. Suzuki, Robert F. Spencer, Charles Kikuchi, Dana Y. Takagi, and James M. Sakoda.]

Irons, Peter. Justice at War: The Story of the Japanese American Internment Cases. New York: Oxford University Press, I983. [History of the removal and detention of Japanese Americans which focuses on the Supreme Court challenges of the mass rem oval and how each side built its case; alleges that Justice Department lawyers concealed evidence disputing the "military necessity" of' the removal.]

James, Thomas. Exile Within: The Schooling of Japanese Americans, 1942-1945. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, I987. [Study of various aspects of education in camp including pre-War Relocation Authority educational programs largely implemente d by Japanese Americans them selves, the philosophical underpinnings of the WRA educational philosophy, the resettlement of Nisei college students, and schooling in post-segregation Tule Lake.]

Kikuchi, Charles. The Kikuchi Diary: Chronicle from an American Concentration Camp. John Modell, ed. and introd. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1973. [Diary describing life at Tanforan "Assembly Center" kept while Kikuchi was a participan t in the Japanese American Evacuation and Resettlement Study.]

Nelson, Douglas W. Heart Mountain: The History of an American Concentration Camp. Madison, WI: The State Historical Society of Wisconsin, 1976. [Describes life at Heart Mountain and the reaction of the surrounding Wyoming communities; includes a n extensive account of the draft resistance movement.]

Okihiro, Gary Y. Cane Fires: The Anti-Japanese Movement in Hawaii, 1865- 1945. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, I991. [Includes several chapters on Hawaii Japanese Americans interned during the war.]

Okubo, Mine. Citizen 13660. New York: Columbia University Press, I946. New York: AMS Press, 1966. New preface by author. New York: Arno Press, I978. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1983. [Book of line drawings and text based on the auth or's experiences at Tanforan Assembly Center and Topaz.]

Tateishi, John. And Justice For All: An Oral History of the Japanese American Detention Camps. New York: Random House, 1984. [Transcribed oral histories with thirty Japanese Americans" 'focusing on their camp experiences.]

Taylor, Sandra C. Jewel of the Desert: Japanese American Internment at Topaz. Berkeley: Press, I993. [Study of Topaz.]

____________. Desert Exile: The Uprooting of a Japanese American Family. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1982. [Autobiographical account of removal and detention at Topaz, Utah by well-known author of children's books.]

The View from Within: Japanese American Art from the Internment Camps, 1942- 1945.Los Angeles: Japanese American National Museum, UCLA Wright Art Gallery, and UCLA Asian American Studies Center, 1992. [Catalog from an exhibit of art produced by Japanese Americans while in the camps.]

Weglyn, Michi. Years of Infamy: The Untold Story of Americas Concentration Camps. New York: William Morrow & Co., I976. [Overview of the removal and detention of Japanese Americans during World War II.]

CLASC Project || Hirasaki National Resource Center
what's new || general || events || store || museum departments || national school project || pavilion || home

(c) 1998 Japanese American National Museum