Staff and Advisors
Research Proposal Abstract
Edson Mori proposes to conduct qualitative and quantitative research on the contributions of Japanese-Brazilian dekasegui in the economies of Brazil and Japan. The term "dekasegui" is a Portuguese transliteration of the Japanese word "dekasegi" which refers to the practice of temporarily leaving one's native place for the purpose of work with the intention of returning home. During the Tokugawa Era (1602-1868), dekasegi referred to internal migration, but in the Meiji Era (1868-1912), the term encompassed overseas migration. The Japanese Brazilian dekasegui phenomenon has evolved over the years to include temporary migration of Japanese Brazilians to Japan starting in the mid-1980s and peaking in the mid-1990s. The phenomenon is a reflection of the globalization of the economies, where imbalances in the supply and demand of labor generate migration of labor from less developed countries to more highly industrialized nations. The dekasegui phenomenon or the migration of labor has been a major source of wealth for both Brazilian and Japanese economies. In Brazil, official remittances in the early 1990s amounted to 0.4% of Brazilian GDP. If unofficial figures were included, the figure would have increased even more. In Japan, cities with Japanese Brazilian concentrations, have benefited with the introduction of small ethnic businesses and services that cater to transnational networks. Mr. Mori's study will focus on the impact of this phenomenon on the economies of both nations and the Nikkei community in Brazil.
The paper entilted An economic perspective of the dekasegi phenomena brings the issue on revealing the labor migration of Japanese Brazilians to Japan. Although the dekasegi phenomena had already completed ten years the economic benefits generated by it for individuals and for the country still are an unexplored theme by academics and researches on the field of Economics and Social Sciences. The characteristics of the remittances made by the dekasegis and the nature of them in the initial stages under a very unstable macro economic scenario are discussed in the paper. The main difficulties on obtaining precise data for analysis and the causes for that are identified in the paper. The paper also stresses the considerable size of those remittances by making comparisons with other tradable goods within the Brazilian balance of payments. A theoretical comparison between the dekasegis with other Brazilian migration waves is also addressed in the paper. The influence of the recent downturn of the performance of the Japanese economy has not only affected the Japanese, but it has hit negatively most of the dekasegi who are under the threat of the unemployment. The paper tries to elaborate a mathematical model to illustrate the effects of losing jobs in the total expected time of the guest worker at the host country. And in the last section I address the issue of the use of those funds and the main difficulties under the economic perspective after the return to Brazil.