Staff and Advisors
Research Proposal Abstract
Japanese language schools, which flourished during the period between two World Wars as a supplementary ethnic educational institution, had been long considered (and criticized as ) a stronghold of Japanese immigrants efforts to conserve their national heritage. The founding mission of the schools was to provide Japanese elementary education for Japanese nationals in the United States. However, as Japanese immigrants became permanent settlers, the schools began to assume a more ambitious but dichotomous role; Japanese immigrant leaders envisioned that through Japanese language education Nisei, raised in Japanese and American cultures, would prove wrong Kiplings precept, East is East and West is West, and never the twain shall meet. This researcher will address and examine in depth how and to what extent the challenge to Kiplings precept was successful.