Historical Timeline of Japanese Bolivian

Contents

Project Description

Scholars

Institutional Participants

Resources
Demographics1
Demographics2
Overview
Timelines
Directories

Symposium

Staff and Advisors

English Japanese

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Japanese American
National Museum


1899
Out of the first 790 Japanese immigrants to Peru, 91 enter, with two immigrant supervisors, into the lubber growing area in the northern part of La Paz.
 
1900
The Japanese Embassy in Bolivia orders all the Japanese immigrants to retreat to Peru.
 
1908
Seven among the first 790 Japanese immigrants to Peru move to La Paz.
 
1908
There are 15 Japanese in La Paz and one in Cochabamba.
 
1911
There are eighty Japanese in Riberalta. Japanese official Ito reports that the agricultural and wage conditions are both better than in Peru.
 
1914
A diplomatic relation is established between Japan and Bolivia.
 
1915
The Japanese Association is established in Riberalta, Beni Department.
 
1916
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs conducts census on the Japanese in Bolivia and finds that there are 45 Japanese.
 
1917
The Japanese Association is established in Trinidad, Beni Department.
 
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs conducts census on the Japanese in Bolivia and finds that there are 677 Japanese.
 
1922
The Japanese Association is established in La Paz.
 
1925
The Central Japanese Association in Cobija is established in Bando Department.
 
1937
In response to the Japanese government's instruction, Consulate General in Lima conducts research on areas for the Japanese to emigrate to and finds that the northern area of Santa Cruz is adequate.
 
1940
Japanese Legation is established in Capital City, La Paz.
 
1941
The Japanese Association in La Paz purchases an assembly hall.
 
1942
The Pacific War breaks out. Japanese Legation in La Paz is closed.
 
1943
29 Japanese who live in La Paz City are interned in US concentration camps.
 
1944
The Japanese Association in La Paz suspends its activities (until 1952).
 
1945
Among the 29 Japanese interned in US camps, seven come back to La Paz.
 
1948
Okinawan immigrants in La Paz City establish Okinawa War-Victim Relief Society.
 
Okinawan immigrants in Riberalta establish Okinawa Relief Society.
 
1949
Riberalta Okinawa War-Victim Relief Society forms Uruma Agricultural Cooperative.
 
1950
Uruma Settlement is established in Santa Cruz Department and the first Japanese from Riberalta move in.
 
1951
45 Peruvian Nisei who live in Japan collectively settle in Santa Cruz.
 
1954
The first Okinawan immigrants enter Uruma Settlement.
 
Toshimichi Nishikawa arrives in Santa Cruz and establishes Santa Cruz Agricultural Development Cooperative.
 
1955
In Uruma Settlement, many Okinawan immigrants die from an epidemic. The settlement is moved to Palometia.
 
"Nishikawa Planned Immigrants" settle in San Juan.
 
1956
An Immigration Accord is signed between the Bolivian and Japanese governments.
 
Okinawa immigrants again move the settlement to where The First Okinawa Settlement is today.
 
Santa Cruz Nikkei Association is established.
 
Bolivia Immigration Promotion Cooperative is established.
 
1957
First planned immigrants settle in San Juan Settlement.
 
1959
The Second Okinawa Settlement is established.
 
1961
The Third Okinawa Settlement is established.
 
La Paz Legation is raised to the status of embassy.
 
1962
Consulate General of Japan is established in Santa Cruz.
 
1964
Memorial towers are built for Japanese immigrants in Riberalta, Trinidad, and Cobija.
 
A Nikkei communal cemetery is established in La Paz.
 
Santa Cruz Nikkei Association is reorganized into Santa Cruz Central Japanese Association.
 
1966
As part of 10th anniversary of the establishment of Santa Cruz Nikkei Association, an assembly hall and land are purchased.
 
The Bolivian-Japanese Immigration Accord is applied to Okinawa.
 
1967
La Paz Japanese Association opens Nikkei children Education Classes, which becomes La Paz Japanese Supplementary School in 1981.
 
Trinidad Japanese Association is dissolved.
 
1969
La Paz Japanese Hall is completed.
 
1971
Santa Cruz Central Japanese Association opens a Japanese school.
 
1972
A Japanese garden is completed in La Paz.
 
1973
Japanese-Bolivian Cultural Association of Santa Cruz is established in 1994. (Later it changes its name to Japanese-Bolivian Association of Santa Cruz and is incorporated.)
 
1975
A Nikkei student dormitory, managed by Japanese-Bolivian Cultural Association of Santa Cruz is completed.
 
1976
A group of Nikkei Nisei establishes Japanese-Bolivian Cultural Center in Riberalta.
 
1979
The 80th Anniversary of the Japanese-Bolivian immigration ceremony is held.
 
1980
Santa Cruz Study Group on Japanese Education is established.
 
1983
The predecessor organization that becomes All Federation of Japanese-Bolivian Associations in 1988 is established.
 
Ituralde-Bolivian Nikkei Association is established in Rurrenabaque (In 1994, it changes its name to Rurrenabaque Japanese-Bolivian Cultural Association.
 
1986
A Japanese hospital is established in Santa Cruz.
 
1989
The celebration for the 90th anniversary of Japanese immigration to Bolivia is conducted.
 
1994
Trinidad Japanese Association is established by dekasegi return migrants from Japan.
 
1995
The Ninth Japan International Cooperation Agency Pan-American Japanese teachers conference is held in Santa Cruz City, sponsored by the Japanese-Bolivian Association of Santa Cruz and Santa Cruz Study Group on Japanese Education.
 
1996
The first national meeting of the All Federation of Japanese-Bolivian Associations is held, changing its name to Federation of Japanese-Bolivian Associations.
 
1998
Okinawa Settlement is incorporated into Bolivian municipality and becomes Okinawa village.
 
1999
The ceremony for the 100th anniversary of Japanese immigration is held.