Staff and Advisors
- The Treaty of Peace, Friendship, Commerce and Navigation is signed between Peru and Japan.
- The Peruvian government issues a decree authorizing immigration of Japanese workers to Peru.
- The first group of Japanese immigrants (790) arrives in Callao to work
as contract laborers on sugar plantations in the coastal region of Peru.
- The contract labor of Japanese immigrants is abolished by mutual agreement between Japanese companies and
coastal plantation enterprises.
- Decrees are promulgated that restrict immigration and impair the economic activities of
Japanese immigrants. The daily newspaper La Prensa develops an
anti-Japanese campaign under the title "The Japanese Infiltration," with the
participation of Peruvian politicians and intellectuals.
- "Saqueo" (Riot) erupts against Japanese commercial and residential establishments.
- The Pacific War begins on December 8.
- Issuance of the Supreme Resolution (Resolución Suprema) freezes the funds of Japanese individuals and
- Peru breaks diplomatic relations with Italy, Germany, and Japan. Restrictions on commercial and
financial activities are imposed on foreign nationals of the "Axis" countries
(Japanese, Italians and Germans). The government confiscates businesses and properties of the Japanese, including
schools. The deportation of the Japanese to internment camps in the United States commences.
- The Peruvian government officially declares war on Japan.
- The Pacific War ends on August 14.
- The Japanese Central Society (Sociedad Central Japonesa), an association that represents the Japanese Peruvian
community since 1917, resumes its activities.
- The Peruvian government issues the Supreme Decree that suspends the freezing of Japanese assets.
- The entrance of the Japanese to Peru is once again permitted, although restrictive quotas of 150 individuals per
year are imposed and conditions of direct kinship with residents in Peru.
- The Peruvian government gives the Japanese Central Society 10,000 square meters of land as compensation for the
expropriation of several buildings belonging to Japanese institutions during
World War II. The Peruvian-Japanese Cultural Center (Centro Cultural Peruano Japonés) is subsequently constructed.
- Massive emigration of Japanese Peruvians to Japan (dekasegi phenomenon) begins.
- Alberto Fujimori is elected to President of Peru and reelected five years later.