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Aug. 7-Sept. 1943 left : Farewell to Segregees, nearly 1,000

Ishigo, Estelle [ bio ]

Aug. 7-Sept. 1943 left : Farewell to Segregees, nearly 1,000
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drawing
H: 8 1/2 in, W: 11 in
pencil
paper

, 1943

(94.195.9C)

Japanese American National Museum

Description

1 drawing on paper : 8.5 x 11 in.

Pencil drawing of the departure of Japanese Americans from Heart Mountain concentration camp to Tule Lake Segregation Center during August 7 to September 1943. Rough sketches of people standing or sitting outside in front of buildings. Mountains in the background.

Inscription
Written in pencil, top: Some lost all hope for a future in U.S. and wished to return to Japan some day. [arrow pointing] There were called "disloyal" and sent to Tule Lake for further processing -- / In Spring of 43 Everyone over it had to fill out a questionaire regarding "loyalty"-- Written in pencil, bottom left: Aug., Sept. 1943 left / Farewell to nearly 1,000.

History
In the spring of 1943 the United States government mandated the registration of inates through a questionnaire. It served two purposes: to identify those "loyal" to the United States, and to recruit male Nisei for the military. Some questioned how the government could ask Nisei to fight while denying their civil rights. In addition, Issei, legally banned from becoming naturalized U.S. citizens, were asked to forswear allegiance to Japan. The controversial nature of the questionnaire led to massive resistance, refusal to register, and a large number of requests for repatriation or expatriation. Following this, all those who resisted or raised questions about the registration were sent to Tule Lake Segregation Center. This drawing shows Heart Mountain inmates prior to their departure for Tule Lake.

All requests for permission to publish, reproduce, or quote from materials in this collection must be submitted to the Collections Management & Access Unit at the Japanese American National Museum (collections@janm.org).

 

 

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