Japanese American National Museum
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People expatreating [sic]

Ishigo, Estelle [ bio ]

People expatreating [sic]
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H: 8 1/2 in, W: 11 in

Heart Mountain, Wyo., ca. 1943



1 drawing on paper ; 8.5 x 11 in.

Pencil drawing of crowds of people lining up to expatriate (return to Japan?). Truckbed visible on right edge ; buildings in background.

Written in pencil, bottom left corner: People expatreating [sic]

In the spring of 1943 the United States government mandated the registration of inates through a questionnaire. It served two purposes: to identify those "loyal" to the United States, and to recruit male Nisei for the military. Some questioned how the government could ask Nisei to fight while denying their civil rights. In addition, Issei, legally banned from becoming naturalized U.S. citizens, were asked to forswear allegiance to Japan. The controversial nature of the questionnaire led to massive resistance, refusal to register, and a large number of requests for repatriation or expatriation. Following this, all those who resisted or raised questions about the registration were sent to Tule Lake Segregation Center. This drawing shows Heart Mountain inmates prior to their departure for Tule Lake.

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