Japanese American National Museum
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Kusuma Shoichi

Hoshida, George [ bio ]

Kusuma Shoichi
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H: 9.5 in, W: 6 in

Amarillo, Tex., 1943


Gift of June Hoshida Honma, Sandra Hoshida and Carole Hoshida Kanada


3 drawings on paper (1 sheet) : ink ; 9.5 x 6 in.

Ink rough portrait sketches of two men in suits and hats identified by inscription, Shoichi Kusuma and Sukenoshin Nakano, and two scenes of the "colored waiting room" at a train station in Amarillo, Texas on the way to Jerome camp in Denson, Arkansas.
Top left portrait of Shoichi Kusuma, a round-faced man wearing a hat and a jacket over a shirt open at the neck. Kusuma has droopy eyes. Visible from chest up.
Top right portrait of Sukenoshin Nakano, a mustached man in hat, suit and tie. Visible from chest up.
Middle drawing of waiting room with eight people depicts five people seated on a bench with backs to viewer, one man in profile at left and two men standing in background with backs to viewer, one is in overalls.
Bottom drawing of waiting room with six people depicts three men in hats seated on a bench in profile on right, another man with back to viewer turns and leans his arm over back of bench from the other side. A military officer and another person in a hat on left visible from shoulders up. Man in foreground has a mustache and glasses.
Drawing 97.106.2DU on recto of same sheet.

Hoshida was one of the seven to nine hundred Japanese Americans in Hawaii who were incarcerated in Justice Department internment camps. He was acutely aware of the importance of recording his experiences through the pen and ink drawings and watercolors he made during his incarceration in five different locations. While Hoshida did not attempt to make any overt commentary on the interment, his drawings and sketches provide a continuous and detailed account of daily activities and his long journey from Hilo, Hawaii, to the desert of Arizona.

Written in black ink below each portrait, top row (left to right): Kusuma / Shoichi, Sukenoshin / Nakano. Written in black ink on bottom drawing, bottom left corner: Colored waiting room / Amarilo, Texas / 12-5-43.

All requests for permission to publish, reproduce, or quote from materials in this collection must be submitted to the Collections Management & Access Unit at the Japanese American National Museum (



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