In 2004 the Japanese American National Museum received for its permanent collection the beautiful and unique plantation-era textiles and clothing from scholar and author, Barbara Kawakami. As a dressmaker and seamstress from Waipahu, Hawai‘i, Kawakami painstakingly began collecting these textiles in the 1970s. Through her intimate conversations with Issei women, Kawakami’s research led her on a captivating journey from the villages of Japan to the plantations of Hawai‘i, and illuminated the complex relationship between old traditions and new plantation culture.
To protect their bodies from the unrelenting sun and sharp sugarcane leaves, some of the Issei women, who had brought with them their knowledge of traditional fabric making and sewing, were forced to refashion their prized kimono into “plantation clothing”—a melding of Japanese, Portuguese, and Chinese styles. Others, who had the means to bring other clothing, wrapped and stored their handmade kimono as treasured belongings.
Through Textured Lives, the National Museum is able to celebrate the textiles themselves as a unique part of our history, and also give a voice to the unknown stories that the textiles embody—the innumerable hardships, ingenuity, and adaptability of the early Japanese immigrants to Hawai‘i.
Major support for this exhibition is generously provided by:
The Hiroaki, Elaine & Lawrence Kono Foundation
Additional support from Aratani Foundation, The National Endowment for the Arts, The Nippon Foundation, UCLA Paul I. & Hisako Terasaki Center for Japanese Studies, and Members and Donors of the Japanese American National Museum.
Photos and Artifacts from the Exhibition
Portrait of Barbara Kawakami. Honolulu Advertiser, 1996.
Photographer, Bruce Asato. Courtesy of Barbara F. Kawakami.
Historical photograph of three women in plantation clothing adapted from Japanese clothing.
Barbara F. Kawakami Collection.
Kasuri jacket adapted from kimono made of fabric originally from Fukushima, Japan by Haruo Tazawa. (Patched by owner and later treated by conservator).
Gift of Barbara Kawakami, Japanese American National Museum (2004.1.27).
Red silk montsuki wedding kimono with bamboo design worn as second layer of ensemble by Shizu Kaigo.
Gift of Barbara Kawakami, Japanese American National Museum (2004.1.126)
Child’s kimono with sakura and wave design. Hasami-nashi kimono sewn in 1927 by Kaku Kumasaku, a picture bride who came to Hawai‘i from Fukushima, Japan in 1921.
Gift of Barbara Kawakami, Japanese American National Museum
Geta hand carved from guava wood
Gift of Barbara Kawakami, Japanese American National Museum.